‘Dorothy’ becomes first Tunnel Boring Machine (TBM) on the High-Speed 2 (HS2) project to complete its full journey underground, with the first bore of a 1.6km tunnel under Long Itchington Wood, Warwickshire dug in seven months.
The 125m long, 2,000-tonne TBM named ‘Dorothy’ after Dorothy Hodgkin, the first British woman to win the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1964, started its journey at the tunnel’s North Portal in December 2021 and broke through the wall of the reception box at the South Portal site on Friday 22 July.
Nearly 400 people working for HS2’s main works civils contractor Balfour Beatty VINCI (BBV JV) have been working around the clock in shifts for seven months to operate the TBM, which has put 790 concrete rings in place, with each ring made from eight 2m-long segments.
The tunnel helps preserves the ancient woodland above, which is classified as a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) and has complex ecosystems that have taken hundreds of years to establish.
Commenting on the break-through, HS2 CEO, Mark Thurston said: “This is a historic moment for the HS2 project, and I’d like to congratulate everyone involved in delivering it. The 400-strong team, including tunnelling engineers, TBM operators and the construction workers at both portal sites, have pulled out all the stops to achieve this fantastic milestone [which] demonstrates the significant momentum behind Britain’s new zero-carbon railway, creating thousands of jobs and apprenticeships, along with hundreds of opportunities for businesses right across the country, helping fuel our economic recovery.”
In response, HS2 minister Trudy Harrison MP said: "This is, quite literally, a ground-breaking moment - demonstrating that we are getting on with delivering on our promises and progressing our transformative plans to boost transport, bring communities together and level up the North and Midlands.
“As Dorothy paves the way for journeys between Birmingham and London, we continue to strive towards delivering a greener, faster, and more direct transport network. And as we deliver alongside our record-breaking Integrated Rail Plan, we’re boosting the economy, delivering over 25,000 jobs.”
Celebrating the breakthrough with his team, Balfour Beatty Vinci’s managing director, Michael Dyke, said: “This is a momentous moment, not only for Balfour Beatty Vinci, but for everyone involved in delivering HS2. Thanks to the hard work and dedication of our team, Dorothy - our cutting-edge Tunnel Boring Machine - has made history, becoming the first to safely and successfully breakthrough along the route.
“With Dorothy’s journey now concluded, I am looking forward to celebrating even more milestones throughout the rest of the year and beyond, as we continue to help build Europe’s largest infrastructure project.”
Creating both bores of the tunnel, the machine is removing around 250,000 cubic metres of mudstone and soil, which is being transported to the on-site slurry treatment plant where the material is separated out before being reused on embankments and landscaping along the route.
A 254m-long conveyor at the north portal site, which takes the excavated material over the Grand Union Canal, removes the equivalent of around 30,000 HGVs from local roads, reducing impacts on the local community and cutting carbon.
Over the next four months, the cutterhead and front section of the TBM will be dismantled and transferred back to the north portal, while the bulk of the machine will be brought back through the tunnel where it will be reassembled, ready to launch for the second bore of the tunnel.
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