The Ministry of Justice (MOJ) is a ministerial department of the UK Central Government headed by the Secretary of State for Justice and Lord Chancellor . They MOJ works to protect the public and reduce reoffending and aims to provide a more efficient, transparent and reactive criminal justice system for victims and the public. Also the department is responsible for areas of constitutional policy not transferred in 2010 to the Deputy Prime Minister, human rights law and information rights law across the UK. The ministry of Justice was founded in May 2007 when some functions of the Home Secretary were combined with the Department for Constitutional Affairs that had replaced the Lord Chancellor's Department in 2003. The priorities of the MOJ are to reduce re-offending and protect the public, in order to provide access to justice, to improve confidence in the justice system, and to uphold people’s civil rights. The Secretary of State is the minister responsible to Parliament for the judiciary, the court system and prisons and probation in England and Wales, with some additional UK-wide responsibilities e.g. the UK Supreme Court and judicial appointments by the Crown. The ministry has no responsibility for criminal justice policy, courts, prisons or probation matters in either Scotland or Northern Ireland. Responsibilities of the Ministry of Justice are to ensure that all suspected offenders are appropriately dealt with from the time they are arrested, until convicted offenders have completed their sentence. The ministry is therefore responsible for all aspects of the criminal law, including the scope and content of criminal offences. Its responsibilities extend to the commissioning of prison services (through the National Offender Management Service), rehabilitation and reducing offending, victim support, the probation service and the out-of-court system, the Youth Justice Board, sentencing and parole policy, criminal injuries compensation and the Criminal Cases Review Commission. Other responsibilities include the administration of all courts and tribunals, land registration, legal aid and the regulation of legal services, coroners and the investigation of deaths, administrative justice and public law, the maintenance of the judiciary, public guardianship and mental incapacity, supervision of restricted patients detained under the Mental Health Act 1983 and civil law and justice, including the family justice system and claims management regulation.
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